Recently, one of the Big Banks announced it is rolling out a new program: 3% down with no monthly mortgage insurance fee.
At first glance, it sounds amazing– or does it? My first thought was, this sounds like lender paid MI, which has been around for a long time, rolled out with a new name. I’ll explain.
When you put less than 20 percent down (conventional loan), it is riskier for the lender. Typically, the lender uses a mortgage insurance company (such as MGIC, Radian, Genworth) to protect them in case you default on the loan. You, the borrower, pay for this, and you have choices.
- Pay a monthly fee (fee amount depends on your credit score and how much down).
- Pay it as an upfront fee in the closing costs.
- Ask the seller to pay it as an upfront fee, one of the seller-paid closing costs.
- Pay a percentage upfront and the rest as a lower monthly fee (called split MI)
- Have the lender pay MI.
But hold on! Will your lender, out of their kind and generous heart, pay your MI fee for you?
Sure, if you take a higher interest rate to cover it. Which essentially amounts to the same thing as option #1 above. But it sounds good, right? Lender-paid MI.
Having no MI sounds good, too. But if the loan program carries a higher interest rate, what’s the difference? Good marketing, plan, Bank of America. Put a new label on an existing program and then make a media splash.
Are 3% Down Loans Risky?
Some folks are asking if this is subprime lending all over again. As a loan officer who worked in both retail and wholesale lending (inside closed doors of an institution that provided money to mortgage lenders), and who wrote Mortgage Rip-Offs and Money Savers to warn the public about the scams and lies, I will say this is not subprime lending all over again, but it is moving the pendulum from the super-strict end of the spectrum to more leniency.
Right after the mortgage meltdown, 3% down conventional loans were discontinued. You had to put down at least 5%, and the credit score requirement became stricter. Or, you could take a 3.5% FHA loan. (FHA promptly raised its Upfront Mortgage Insurance Fee. It was 1% and today it is 1.75%. In addition, the monthly MI fee increased.)
In reality, the 3% down conventional loan has been available again in 2014. Many lenders require a credit score of 720.
This “new” 3% down with no MI program that is rolling out by Bank of America (and backed by Freddie Mac) requires a credit score of 660. But all full-service lenders (such as Envoy Mortgage where I work) already have a 3% down loan with a credit score requirement of 620; it is called HomeReady, and it is backed by Fannie Mae. You get the five choices for covering MI that are listed above.
This gives me an idea. Maybe I should announce that there is a new loan program available, only from me, myself, and I. It’s called The Spring Homebuyer’s Special. It is 3% down and you get five choices for MI. Woo-hoo everybody!!! Call for a press release and help get my name out there, right next to Mr. Big Bank.
Many thanks to Jared, who suggested I blog on this topic.
At the cusp of the housing crash, Bank of America bought Countrywide, a lender that did both good and bad loans. Then Bank of America turned around and sold these loans to you and me — by selling them to Fannie Mae. I’ll explain.
Fannie Mae is the nickname for FNMA (Federal National Mortgage Association.) FNMA buys loans from banks and other mortgage lenders. It is owned primarily by American taxpayers. The U.S. government took 79.9% stake in Fannie Mae and its brother, Freddie Mac, in September 2008.
Fannie Mae didn’t like being sold a boatload of bad loans by Bank of America and cried, “FOUL!” There’s been an ongoing argument ever since. But today, Bank of America announced a settlement agreement with FNMA.
Bank of America has agreed to pay Fannie Mae $3.6 Billion and buy back 30,000 mortgage loans that were originated between January 2000 and December 2008, the years of the infamous “bad credit, no problem” loans.
This settlement and buy-back is in the best interest of taxpayers, because those risky and rotten loans are now back in the hands of BOA.
Now that Bank of America has that regrettable purchase-and-resell issue resolved, they can get on with the business of making more money. In spite of the settlement, they project a modest profit coming up.
So, today’s news is good news for everyone involved.